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Can You Dequeue Messages From A Service Bus Queue Based On A Condition With .Net? Mới Update

Using Azure Service Bus Queues With Asp.Net Core Services | Software  Engineering

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Can you dequeue messages from a Service Bus Queue based on a condition with .NET?

Yes, it is possible to dequeue messages from a Service Bus Queue based on a condition using .NET.

To do this, you can use the Microsoft.Azure.ServiceBus.QueueClient class from the Microsoft.Azure.ServiceBus package. Here’s an example of how you can dequeue messages based on a condition using this class:

csharp
using System; using System.Text; using System.Threading.Tasks; using Microsoft.Azure.ServiceBus; public class Program { const string ServiceBusConnectionString = "<connection string>"; const string QueueName = "<queue name>"; static IQueueClient queueClient; public static async Task Main(string[] args) { queueClient = new QueueClient(ServiceBusConnectionString, QueueName); try { // Receive messages based on a condition var messageHandlerOptions = new MessageHandlerOptions(ExceptionReceivedHandler) { AutoComplete = false, MaxConcurrentCalls = 1 }; queueClient.RegisterMessageHandler(ProcessMessagesAsync, messageHandlerOptions); Console.ReadLine(); } finally { await queueClient.CloseAsync(); } } static async Task ProcessMessagesAsync(Message message, CancellationToken token) { if (message.Label == "MyCondition") { // Process the message Console.WriteLine($"Received message: SequenceNumber:{message.SystemProperties.SequenceNumber} Body:{Encoding.UTF8.GetString(message.Body)}"); // Complete the message to remove it from the queue await queueClient.CompleteAsync(message.SystemProperties.LockToken); } else { // Abandon the message to leave it in the queue await queueClient.AbandonAsync(message.SystemProperties.LockToken); } } static Task ExceptionReceivedHandler(ExceptionReceivedEventArgs exceptionReceivedEventArgs) { Console.WriteLine($"Message handler encountered an exception {exceptionReceivedEventArgs.Exception}."); var context = exceptionReceivedEventArgs.ExceptionReceivedContext; Console.WriteLine("Exception context for troubleshooting:"); Console.WriteLine($"- Endpoint: {context.Endpoint}"); Console.WriteLine($"- Entity Path: {context.EntityPath}"); Console.WriteLine($"- Executing Action: {context.Action}"); return Task.CompletedTask; } }

In this example, the RegisterMessageHandler method is used to receive messages from the queue. The MessageHandlerOptions object is used to specify that messages should not be automatically completed (so that they can be completed based on the condition), and that only one message should be processed at a time.

The ProcessMessagesAsync method is called for each message received. In this method, you can check the message’s properties (such as the Label) to determine if it meets the condition you’re looking for. If it does, you can process the message and call CompleteAsync to remove it from the queue. If it doesn’t meet the condition, you can call AbandonAsync to leave it in the queue for later processing.

Note that this example assumes that you’ve already created a Service Bus Queue and have the connection string and queue name. You’ll need to replace the <connection string> and <queue name> placeholders with your own values.

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AZURE SERVICE BUS QUEUE – Getting Started | Azure Series

How to delete messages from Azure Service Bus queue C#?

To delete messages from an Azure Service Bus queue using C#, you can use the QueueClient class from the Microsoft.Azure.ServiceBus namespace. Here’s an example code snippet:

csharp
using Microsoft.Azure.ServiceBus; using System.Threading.Tasks; // Create a QueueClient instance QueueClient queueClient = new QueueClient(connectionString, queueName); // Receive a message from the queue Message message = await queueClient.ReceiveAsync(); // Delete the message await queueClient.CompleteAsync(message.SystemProperties.LockToken);

In this example, connectionString is the connection string for your Azure Service Bus namespace, and queueName is the name of the queue you want to delete messages from.

The ReceiveAsync method receives a message from the queue, and the CompleteAsync method deletes the message from the queue by passing in the lock token of the received message. Note that you should always complete a message after you have processed it, to ensure that it is removed from the queue and not received again.

Does Service Bus queues support message filtering?

Yes, Azure Service Bus queues support message filtering. Message filtering allows you to selectively consume messages from a queue based on specific criteria. This can be useful in scenarios where you have multiple consumers reading from the same queue, but each consumer is only interested in a subset of the messages.

Service Bus queues support two types of message filtering: subscription-based filtering and SQL-based filtering.

Subscription-based filtering allows you to create multiple subscriptions on a single topic, and each subscription can have its own filter criteria. This allows each subscription to receive only the messages that match its filter criteria.

SQL-based filtering allows you to define a filter expression using a SQL-like syntax, and only the messages that match the filter expression are delivered to the receiver.

Both types of filtering can be used in combination, allowing you to create a powerful filtering mechanism for your Service Bus queues.

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